Erdenekhuyag Ariunbold (Arigun)

Historical Changes of Mongolian Literature and Structural Analysis of the Letters of the Great Kings of the Mongolian Empire

On the historical development of ancient Mongolian literacy

From centuries ago, to the present day, the minds and education of the Mongols, one of the most ancient cultures in Central Asia, have been valued that indicates such as books, correspondence, diplomatic relations documents, artifacts, statue petroglyphs, various scripts, temples, historical and cultural monuments, library, scientific archives, and libraries worldwide and museums which is a rich heritage for the international Mongol scholars.

Hundreds of artifacts are still unearthed by collectors and researchers of ancient cultural relics, indicating that the Mongols had a high calligraphic culture, such as the writing style, various writing styles, and the depiction of the tribal seals of the Great Khans of the Mongol Empire. For thousands of years, origins of literacy, origins of the literacy system, types of marking methods, the evolution of their spelling rules have been studied by a variety of scholars specialized in ancient literature. The origins, development, and education of literacy have evolved to its current level, varying from country to country, not simultaneously, depending on the nation’s cultural development. It is common to use and borrow ideas from the script used by neighboring nations.

Literacy and Linguistics are based on historical research of researcher and scientists of Historical Archeology, Culture, Arts and Linguistics, including ancient and modern development, original writing, Archeology, Objective script, and Ethnography, Ethnography, Paleography, Pictography, Ideography, Phraseography, Calligraphy, and PAX Mongolica. *

Mongolians have used more than scripts in their history and there are still literary and cultural monuments that are still in use today. There are many literary monuments in Mongolia’s history, including Run script or Script of Proto-Mongols Mongolian (national) Script, Khitan script/characters Phags-pa Script ~ Square Script Clear Script ~ Oirat Script, Bold script, Manchu script, Soyombo script, Vagindra, Latin script, and Cyrillic script culture that has been used for centuries and remains a cultural monument.

Many of these script glyphs are very unique. It is impossible that we are not proud of the great literary and cultural heritage of our Mongolian nations, which has been spoken for thousands of years. The art of correspondence with many countries around the world indicates how powerful the Mongolian nation was. The seals of the commandments, exoterics, scriptures, and stone inscriptions have a rich history. Literacy culture evolution developed at different levels depending on the cultural changes and the socio-political and religious development of the time.

For this reason, the purpose of the study is to make a visual comparison in the correspondence and cultural heritage of the great kings of the ancient Mongol Empire.


  • Date of Birth                  July 24, 1976
  • Nationality                      Mongolian                                
  • E-mail                    

Academic Record

  • Ph. D. of Arts

Professional experiences

  • Since 2014: Head of the “TITEM-ART” art academy, Director, Arigun Art Gallery, Art Expert, Associate Professor Calligrapher
  • ۱۹۹۴-۱۹۹۸: Fine Arts and Design Teacher, Mongolian National University,
  • ۱۹۹۸-۲۰۰۰: Lecturer, Department of Fine Arts and Design, State Pedagogical University,
  • ۲۰۰۰-۲۰۰۵: Japanese language design, Niigata Saitama, Japan,
  • ۲۰۰۵-۲۰۱۵ Lecturer and Head of Department at the Institute of Arts,
  • ۲۰۱۶: Doctorate in art studies, Mongolian University of Education


  • ۲۰۱۱: Senior Lecturer at the Institute of Arts and Sciences,
  • ۲۰۱۸: Award of the International Mongolian Festival,
  • ۲۰۱۹: Grand Prix of the International Mongolian Festival,
  • ۲۰۱۹: Award of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of Mongolia “National Literature Distributor”,
  • ۲۰۱۹: Title of the Associate Professor of the Institute of Arts,
  • ۲۰۱۹: Title of the Honorary Academician of the Genghis Khan World Academy of Literacy and Cultural Dessemination,
  • ۲۰۲۰: Leading Worker in the Cultural Field of Mongolia.
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